Considering the impact of construction on the environment, for balance in our ecosystem, improvement in efficiency and proper effectiveness is very important. Sustainable development means developing a country without affecting the resources for the future generation and still using the resources for the present generation. ‘Development’ includes activities in different industries. Impact of construction on the environment is one of the highest when compared to different industries. Due to this reason, ‘sustainable construction’ emerges.
EFFECTS OF CONSTRUCTION ON THE ENVIRONMENT
Construction work involves activities that include fumes, dust, clays, sound & sweat. All these when bound together no doubt definitely creates wonders but they provide a sustainable hazard to the environment. Major sustainable effects on the environment are noted below:
When we consider investment, the construction industry falls under the largest industries to be in developing and developed countries.
The contribution of the construction industry to GDP of its country and providing employment are two of the construction industries’ major impacts.
The impact of the construction industry on the environment is expected to be a loss of soil and more importantly loss of agricultural land.
Forests and wildlife in it are decreasing because of the impact constructional projects does on it.
Air pollution due to the factory.
Non-renewable energy is consumed in a high amount for construction works.
SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION PRINCIPLES
The above explanation of sustainable construction is to maintain a healthy balance such that the future generation does not have to face scarcity of resources.
INDICATORS FOR THE NEED OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
There are many indications present in this current world, which indicates the need of having a sustained development in the construction industry. These are:
As the population increases need for resources also increases.
Depletion of non-renewable resources:
Excessive use of nonrenewable energy resources like mineral reserves, fossil fuels etc., may result in the extinction of these resources and our next generation may not be able to use it.
A decrease in habitats:
Places like ponds, rivers, forests are being destroyed by humans for constructional works. Rivers are polluted and forests are cut down. This is certainly not the way things should go.
Increasing temperature is an easy observable result of the problems yet to come.
WAY TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
We all know how important it is to keep our resources safe for our next generation. Certainly many resources used in the construction industry are non-renewable. There should not be a case that the next generation cannot find a forest to visit, or a river to swim. These are certain ways for improvement:
Reconstructing at a particular place which is currently not being used in spite of creating a new place for construction.
Proper waste management study for reducing wastage due to the construction industry.
Life Cycle Assessment Framework for environmental management aiming towards evaluating and managing the impact of production processes.
Materials used in the construction industry not only relates to the quality & the cost associated but also affects different aspects of the environment. The materials used are categorized into pollution free go green materials, durable infrastructure pro materials & power efficient materials.
The quality of the contractor & the working experience comes into play on this scenario where materials use dare mixed and blended in such a way that would be durable without affecting the environment, still within the budget.